March 25, 1881
Sept. 26, 1945 in New York, N.Y., U.S.A. due to leukemia.
Also Known As:
Bela Bartok was an ethnomusicologist, music teacher, pianist and well-known Hungarian composer. He was appointed as piano professor at the Budapest Academy in 1907.
Type of Compositions:
He wrote stage and orchestral works, piano solos, string quartets, cantata
and folk songs. He was an avid collector of folk songs.
His mother taught him how to play the piano as a child and he also studied under different teachers. He started composing at age 9 and had his debut as a pianist when he was 11. Bartok later on studied at the Royal Hungarian Academy of Music in Budapest.
Among his known works are: "The Miraculous Mandarin," "Microkosmos," "Contrasts," "Kossuth," "Duke Bluebeard's Castle," "The Wooden Prince," "Cantata Profana," "Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celesta," "Concerto for Orchestra" and "Sonata for Solo Violin."
He became a research assistant at Columbia University. In 1906, interest on the music of central Europe was sparked by the publication of a book called Hungarian Folk Songs by Bela Bartok and Zoltan Kodaly.
His first wife was Marta Ziegler, his student, with whom he had a son. After divorcing Marta, Bartok married another student named Ditta Pasztory with whom he had another son. His "Third Piano Concerto" was written for Ditta.