Some of the common damages that happens to a violin are:
- The tailpiece might break.
- The fingerboard might come unglued.
- The bridge of the violin might snap.
- The bow might snap.
Avoid Extreme Temperatures
Do not store your violin in or near areas that have extreme changes in temperature, such as in the basement or attic. Violins are very fragile instruments, when they are continuously exposed to temperature changes and humidity, it will eventually break and fall apart.
When you're not using your violin, put it inside a good quality case to ensure protection. Most damages a violin undergo is because of the owner's neglect, such as placing it in areas where it's more exposed to possibilities of damage (i.e. near the sink or behind a bedroom door).
Too Much Rosin
Rosin is applied to the bow hair causing it to grip the violin strings when playing. Without it, the bow hair will slide across the string without producing any sound. There are two types of rosin: Light Rosin is best suited for warm climates. It's harder and not as sticky as the dark rosin. Dark Rosin is most suited for cool climates, it is softer than the light rosin. Avoid putting too much rosin on the bow as it will drip onto the violin and cause staining.
Invest on Quality Strings
Cheap strings will cause tension on the violin resulting in cracks, warping and other damage.
Do Not Ignore Minor Problems
If you notice a slight damage on your violin, don't wait. Go to an experienced luthier immediately. Most damages that start out little become huge, not only to the violin, but also to your wallet.
Go to a Luthier
If you need repairs for your violin go to an experienced luthier. These people have been trained and are experts in repairing stringed instruments that are either bowed or plucked. Of course, you must do your research first before going to one. Ask for recommendations from trusted family, friends and music teachers.