Date of birth is uncertain. He was baptized on December 17, 1770, his father was Johann, a tenor singer, and his mother was Maria Magdalena. They had seven children but only three survived: Ludwig van Beethoven, Caspar Anton Carl and Nikolaus Johann. Ludwig was the second child.
In Bonn, Germany
March 26, 1827 in Vienna; his funeral was attended by thousands of mourners.
Also Known As:
One of the great composers of the Classical era known for his improvisation and expressive music. He began his career by playing at parties attended by wealthy people. He is also described as being moody and not too concerned about his appearance. As his popularity grew, so was the opportunity to travel to various European cities and perform. Beethoven's fame grew by the 1800s.
Type of Compositions:
He wrote chamber music, sonatas, symphonies, songs and quartets, among others. His works include an opera, a violin concerto, 5 piano concerti, 32 piano sonatas, 10 sonatas for violin and piano, 17 string quartets and 9 symphonies.
Ludwig van Beethoven is considered a musical genius. He received early instruction on the piano and violin from his father (Johann) and was later taught by van den Eeden (keyboard), Franz Rovantini (viola and violin), Tobias Friedrich Pfeiffer (piano) and Johann Georg Albrechtsberger (counterpoint). His other teachers include Christian Gottlob Neefe (composition) and Antonio Salieri.
His works include "Piano Sonata, Op. 26" (The Funeral March), "Piano Sonata, Op. 27" (Moonlight Sonata), "Pathetique" (sonata), "Adelaide" (song), "The Creatures of Prometheus" (ballet), "Symphony No. 3 Eroica, op. 55" (E flat Major), "Symphony No. 5, op. 67" (c minor) and "Symphony No. 9, op. 125" (d minor).
Listen to a recording of Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata