Largely different from Baroque music which was mostly flamboyant, new music styles during the Classical period had simpler harmony and clearer tonality. Here are several notable composers of this period or those whose works represent Classical music:
One of the great composers of the Classical period. He became deaf in his 20s (some books say in his 30s) but continued to compose music that is still much appreciated to this day. He wrote "Symphony No. 2, op. 36 (D Major)," Symphony No. 3 Eroica, op. 55 (E flat Major)," "Symphony No. 4, op. 60 (B flat Major)" and other great masterpieces when he was almost completely deaf.
At seven years old, Brahms learned how to play the piano under the instruction of Otto Friedrich Willibald Cossel. He furthered his studies of theory and composition under Eduard Marxen. Brahms became friends with the Schumanns and supposedly fell in love with Clara Schumann, Robert Schumann's wife.
A composer during the Classical period especially known for his operas and for reforming the operatic styles of that era. He came from a family of foresters but Gluck's true passion was music. When he was about 13 years old, he left home, perhaps to avoid the family profession. His most successful works include his "reform operas" with Ranieri Calzabigi namely "Orfeo ed Euridice" and "Alceste."
As a young boy, Haydn possessed a very beautiful voice and spent most of his time singing in church choirs. As he matured he focused his talents on composing, steadily making a name for himself and earning quite well. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a good friend of Haydn, in fact, Mozart's Requiem was performed at Haydn's funeral.
8. Gustav MahlerMahler is known for his songs, cantatas and symphonies which he wrote in several keys. Some of his works require a huge orchestra; for example, the "Eighth Symphony in E flat" also called the Symphony of A Thousand.
At the age of 5, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart already wrote a miniature allegro (K. 1b) and andante (K. 1a). He was sickly as a child and died at the young age of 35. Yet, his over 600 compositions still influence countless musicians and listeners to this day. Among his famous works are "Symphony No. 35 Haffner, K. 385 - D Major," "Così fan tutte, K. 588" and "Requiem Mass, K. 626 - d minor."