February 29, 1792; his father was Giuseppe Rossini, a trumpeter and his mother was Anna Guidarini, a singer.
November 13, 1868 in Passy, near Paris, France
Also Known As:
Gioachino Antonio Rossini was his full name. He was an Italian composer known for his comic operas. He was also a conductor and accompanist. He was married to the operatic singer Isabella Colbran. After Colbran died in 1847, Rossini married Olympe Pélissier.
Type of Compositions:
He wrote operas
, especially opera buffa
and opera seria
. He also wrote a cantata
, La morte di Didone
(1811), to honor the Mombelli family who were very helpful to him. Rossini also wrote an oratorio
, Ciro in Babilonia
, and choral music such as the Stabat Mater
and Petite messe solennelle
Both his parents influenced him; his father being a trumpeter and his mother a singer. Rossini was exposed to the theatre at a young age and at 14 entered Bologna's Philharmonic School. He composed his first opera seria
while there called Demetrio e Polibio
. Aside from playing different musical instruments such as the harpsichord
, horn and violin
, Rossini also sang to earn extra money.
His works include: "The Barber of Seville" (Il barbiere di Siviglia - 1816), "Cinderella" (La cenerentola - 1817), "Semiramide" (1823), "William Tell" (Guillaume Tell - 1829), "L'equivoca stravagante" (1811), "La pietra del paragone" (1812), "Il signor Bruschino" (1813), "Tancredi" (1813), "Petite messe solenelle" and "Elisabetta, regina d'Inghilterra" (1815), to name a few.
Rossini's most productive years were between 1810 and 1822 when he wrote serious operas like Ottelo and comic operas like L'italiana in Algeri.
Rossini retired a wealthy man and was known to give lavish dinners attended by notable names in music during the 19th century. Richard Wagner
paid Rossini a visit and afterward, Wagner wrote “A Memory of Rossini," an essay about their conversation. Rossini also loved to cook and even invented a dish called tournedos Rossini