From Espie Estrella, former About.com Guide
Music during the Middle Ages is characterized by the beginning of musical notation as well as polyphony. During this time, there were two general types of music styles: the monophonic and the polyphonic.
Renaissance means "rebirth" and in music this period brought about many changes in the way music was created and perceived.
- Renaissance Music Timeline
- Music Forms/Styles of the Renaissance
- The Shawm
- The Dulcian
- Renaissance Music Composers
The word "baroque" comes from the Italian word "barocco" which means bizarre. The Baroque period was a time when composers experimented with form, styles and instruments. This period saw the development of opera and instrumental music.
The music of the Classical period, which spans from 1750 to 1820, is characterized by simpler melodies and forms such as the sonatas. The piano was undoubtedly the primary instrument used by composers during the Classical period.
- Music Events During the Classical Period
- Classical Music Forms/Styles
- The Piano
- Classical Music Composers
Historiographers define the Romantic Music period to be between 1800 to 1900. It is characterized by using music to tell a story or express an idea and the use of various instruments, including wind instruments. Melodies are fuller and more dramatic.
Music during the 20th century brought about many innovations on how music was performed and appreciated. Artists were more willing to experiment on new music forms and used technology to enhance their compositions.
- Music of the 20th Century - 1900 - 1960
- Music of the 20th Century - 1961 to 1999
- 20th Century Music Forms/Styles
- The Dynamophone