An instrumental form that was popular in the late 18th to early 19th centuries. A rondo has a main theme (usually in the tonic key) that is restated several times as it alternates with other themes. There are two basic patterns of a rondo: ABACA and ABACABA (the A section represents the main theme). The last movement of sonatas
, concerti, string quartets and classical symphonies
is often a rondo.
Examples: "Rondo a capriccio," Opus 129 by Beethoven"Rondo alla turca" from "Sonata for piano K 331" by Mozart