By the mid-19th century, music themes shifted to folklore and folk music became a style that influenced composers. This nationalist theme can be felt in the music of Russia, eastern Europe and Scandinavian countries. Aside from "The Mighty Five,
" there were other composers whose works were influenced by the history, people and places of their native country. These include:
- Bedrich Smetana - Bohemian nationalist composer, conductor and teacher who founded the Czech national school of music.
- Jean Sibelius - Finnish composer, conductor and teacher whose 1899 work titled "Finlandia" made him a national figure.
- Edvard Grieg - One of the greatest and most prominent Norwegian composers, teacher, conductor and founder of "Musicforeningen," a concert society in Norway.
- Isaac Albéniz - Spanish composer and pianist, one of the first Spanish composers that gained international recognition and harbinger of the Spanish nationalist school.
- Louis Moreau Gottschalk - He pioneered the use of Creole and Latin American songs and dance themes in his compositions.
- Edward MacDowell - American composer, pianist and teacher who was one of the first to incorporate native materials and tunes in his works.
- John Philip Sousa - American composer of marches, conductor, performer and bandleader. He was a music education advocate and a firm supporter for composers' rights.