June 2, 1857
Broadheath, a small village in Worcestershire, England
February 23, 1934 in Worcester, England
Also Known As:
He was a music professor at Birmingham University from 1905 to 1908, a conductor and English composer of Romantic music known for his melodic music. He was also called Sir Edward Elgar.
Type of Compositions:
Elgar wrote cantatas, oratorios, song cycles, patriotic music, symphony, choral and orchestral pieces, chamber music, also music for a children's play (The Starlight Express, 1915) and a ballet (The Sanguine Fan, 1917).
Although Elgar was for the most part self-taught, his father; who was a piano tuner and ran a music shop in Worcester, was a huge influence on him. Elgar played a variety of musical instruments, including the organ and violin. His wife; Caroline Alice Roberts, was a strong support system to Elgar and when she died in 1920, Elgar was deeply affected both emotionally and artistically.
Among his works are "Falstaff" (1913), "Variations on an Original Theme" (1899), "The Dream of Gerontius," "Symphony No. 1 in A flat," "King Olaf" (1896), "Caractacus" (1898), "Froissart" (1890), "Imperial March" (1897), "Sea Pictures" (1899), "The Apostles" (1903), "The Kingdom" (1906), "Violin Concerto in B minor" (1910), "Cockaigne," "Pomp and Circumstance Marches," "In the South," "The Spirit of England," "Symphony No. 2 in E flat," "Violin Sonata in E minor," "String Quartet in E minor," "Piano Quintet in A minor" and "Cello Concerto in E minor."
In 1904, an Edward Elgar festival was held in Covent Garden. Elgar was also knighted by King Edward VII that same year. He became Knight Commander of the Victorian Order in 1928. The "Scenes from the Bavarian Highlands" is a collection of poems written by Elgar's wife which he set to music.
Listen to selected compositions by Edward Elgar from the Elgar Society website.