Name of Instrument:
Wind, recorders may either be made of wood, plastic or ivory.
How to Play:
The player holds the recorder in front of him vertically, blows into the mouthpiece and open/close the fingerholes.
Recorders come in a variety of sizes, each having its own register. Among the types of recorders are the soprano, sopranino, alto, tenor, bass, great bass and contra bass.
First known Recorders:
Recorders are the precursor design of the modern day flute
. It emerged during the 14th century and became quite popular during the 16th to the mid-18th century. Instructional books on the recorder were also first published during the 15th century, written by Sebastian Virdung (1511) and Silvestro Ganassi (1535)
Composers Who Used Recorders:
Recorders were used during the late Renaissance to the Baroque era, it was included in orchestras
.. Famous composers such as Antonio Vivaldi
, George Frideric Handel
and Johann Sebastian Bach
featured the recorder in their music. The recorder disappeared during the mid-18th century but was revived later on around 1919 partly due to an instrument maker named Arnold Dolmetsch.
Music Sheet/Midi Sample:
Numerous free sheet music for alto recorder for different levels available here