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Profile of Arcangelo Corelli

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Profile of Arcangelo Corelli

Arcangelo Corelli

Public Domain Image from Wikimedia Commons

Born:

February 17, 1653; his parents were Arcangelo Correli and Santa Raffini. His father died before he was born and his mother named him after his late father.

Birthplace:

Fusignano, Italy

Died:

January 8, 1713 in Rome, Italy

Also Known As:

Virtuoso violinist, accomplished composer, teacher, nicknamed "Il Bolognese," considered as the one who perfected the concerto grosso style as well as the solo sonata and trio sonata. He taught Francesco Geminiani and Pietro Locatelli.

Type of Compositions:

Instrumental music especially the concerti grossi (singular form: concerto grosso), solo and trio sonatas. The concerti grossi is an orchestral music during the Baroque period which remained popular until 1750 when the solo concerto became favored.

Influence:

His first documented teachers were Faenza and Lugo under whom he studied music theory. Giovanni Benvenuti taught him on the violin from 1666 to 1667. Leonardo Brugnoli, another violinist, taught him afterward. He later on studied music in Bologna. His violin teacher was Bassani while Matteo Simonelli taught him composition.

Notable Works:

Some of his most famous works are: "Sonata for Violin and Lute" (1677 - his first composition), "12 Trio Sonatas for Two Violins and Cello, with Organ Basso Continuo, Opus 1" (1681), "12 Chamber Trio Sonatas for Two Violins, Violone and Violoncello or Harpsichord, Opus 2" (1685), "12 Church Trio Sonatas for Two Violins and Archlute, with Organ Basso Continuo, Opus 3 (1689), "12 Chamber Trio Sonatas for Two Violins and Violone or Harpsichord, Opus 4" (1694), "12 Sonatas for Violin and Violone or Harpsichord, Opus 5" (1700) and his 12 Concerti Grossi was published in 1714, a year after he died.

Interesting Facts:

Corelli served Queen Christina of Sweden in 1679; he also worked for Cardinal Pamphili in Rome and Cardinal Ottobani. In 1682, he was first violinist at the San Luigi dei Francesi orchestra. He was also the music director at the Palazzo Pamphili from 1687 to 1690. When he died in 1713, he was buried in the Pantheon at Rome.

Music Sample:

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