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Profile of the Trumpet

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Profile of the Trumpet

Image of David T. Barr by Marie Cassetty, Sembach Multimedia, and David Garcia

Public Domain Image from Wikimedia Commons

Name:

Trumpet

Family:

Brasswind

How to Play:

The musician, or trumpeter, vibrates his lips over the mouthpiece while pressing the valves on top. Mouthpieces can be changed to suit the music that will be played. For example, jazz trumpeters prefer narrower mouthpieces.

Types:

There are different types of trumpets, the most commonly used is the B flat trumpet. There is also the C, D, E flat and piccolo trumpet (also known as Bach trumpet). There are also trumpet-related instruments such as the cornet, fluegel horn and bugles.

First known Trumpet:

The trumpet is believed to originate from Egypt in 1500 BC and was used mostly for military purposes such as announcing battle. In the late 1300s metal trumpets started to be regarded as a musical instrument. In the 16th to 18th century other forms of trumpets were created such as the natural (valveless) trumpet and the valve trumpet. The valve trumpet emerged in Germany in 1828. One of the changes to the trumpet during the Renaissance was the addition of a slide which enabled it to play more tones. This will become the basis for the design of the trombone.

Trumpeters:

Among them are; Louis Armstrong, Donald Byrd, Miles Davis, Maynard Ferguson, Wynton Marsalis, Dizzy Gillespie to name a few.

Music Sheets:

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